The long straight white thorns are arranged in pairs and although they are very significant on young trees they often become barely noticeable on mature specimens. Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. The Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), with its lime green bark makes for a popular street tree. The fever tree is an exceptionally attractive tree and is often used to decorate gardens and urban landscapes. Badroodien said fever trees had smooth, slightly flaky, greenish-yellow bark coated in … Agroforestry tree database - Acacia xanthophloea. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Coates Palgrave, K. 1983 Trees of Southern Africa. In seasonally flooded areas it often forms dense single species stands. This tree can be found from Kenya in the north to KwaZulu-Natal in the south. The leaves are twice compound, with small leaflets (8 mm × 2 mm (0.3 in × 0.1 in)). The flowers are pollinated by Bees. Bark from this tree and four other herbs including Silene capensis (African dream root) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew. A fast growth rate of approximately 1.5 m per year under ideal conditions make this plant a good candidate for gardeners and landscapers who want quick results. Pooley. RSA Tree No. However, all trees with tap roots also have a network of sub-surface roots, some larger than others, that are utilized for water and nutrient supplies. During the first year, the tree benefits from an orchid fertilizer every three to four weeks. A water stress treatment showed that seedlings of C. adenogonium may be least affected by future drought, and V. xanthophloea may be able to adapt to drought by maintaining root biomass even as aboveground growth decreases. Flowering occurs from August or September to November. The smooth bark is a bright yellow-green, birds love nesting in its branches and butterflies are attracted to the yellow … It is also found in low-lying swampy areas, along the margins of lakes and on river banks. The tree is usually multistemmed, the crown is rounded and foliage drooping. The attractive Bladder-nut is an evergreen shrub or small They therefore associated the fever with the tree. 404 2012. A fast-growing tree with luxuriant growth, this attractively shaped Acacia is one of the largest and has white, papery, cork-like bark. Van Wyk, B, & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. 2013. For more information go to Plantzafrica Vachellia xanthophloea, Fever-tree, Koorsboom. First, V. karroo is a leguminous tree known to form root nodules [ 40 ], which are swellings on the root that contain nitrogen-fixing microorganisms (bacteria) known as Rhizobium. Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. It is also used in making candles, inks, matches, and paints. The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. They do require mulch at the base in winter to protect them. If you have it, enjoy it. The Acacia xanthophloea or Fever Tree is a popular landscaping tree, with many features that make it both a useful and beautiful addition to various urban environments.This semi-deciduous to deciduous tree can reach up to 25m in the wild and it is often known for its unique lime green bark, making it popular as a feature tree. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. Struik: Cape Town. Abundant, fragrant, yellow puffball flowers light up the landscape, and adorn the tree intermittently (in response to rain) throughout summer. The complete field guide to Trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei. 404 2012. E 1993. It doesn’t get too big and the root system is non-invasive. The characteristic bark is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are purple, flaking later to reveal the characteristic yellow. Trendler, R. & Hes, L. 1994. The gum and green seeds are eaten by baboons. The nitrogen fixing bacteria in the root nodules of Acacia xanthphloea help to enrich the soil around the tree with nitrogen which benefits any plants that grow in close proximity to the tree. Medicinally the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. The flowers are pollinated by Bees. Previous Names: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis. Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. For other uses, see, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "The Macrolepidoptera Fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_xanthophloea&oldid=984934213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:47. Roots grow in response to the growing conditions, so you may find that they will, in time, lift the paving. They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. They flower from Septemb Personal Communication. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. Contact Sandra for details on Treeshop's 450L trees. Vachellia karroo, commonly known as the Sweet thorn, is a species of acacia, native to southern Africa from southern Angola east to Mozambique, and south to South Africa.. [4][5][6][7], The name xanthophloea is derived from Greek and means "yellow bark" (ξανθός "yellow, golden"; φλοιός "bark"). ... the trees may cause damage when they grow bigger as the roots will spread at least twice the height of the tree. "[13], This tree has been used for thousands of years by African tribes as a divination tool. The Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), with its lime green bark makes for a popular street tree. It was the swampy conditions that caused the malaria. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 172,500-523. This tree was previously called Acacia xanthophloea. Johhson, D. & Johnson S.1993 Gardening with Indigenous Trees and Shrubs. Bright yellow, golden, ball-like flowers which are sweetly scented are borne in clusters on shortened side shoots at the nodes and towards the ends of branches. Acacia xanthophloea serves as a source of income for people located in rural areas. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. It bears cream-coloured, honey-scented, showy spikes for flowers which like the new leaves are purple before they open in Spring and early Summer. You can help protect yourself from scammers by verifying that the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils. Acacia is basically a plant-it-and-forget-it type of tree, although a young tree may need protection from wildlife while it develops its defense system. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. (Fabaceae Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations of Vachellia and Senegalia. Vachellia xanthophloea belongs to the pod bearing family Fabaceae. When the seedlings reach the two-leaf stage (approx. Available in 50L , 100L and 450L. Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) This large sized deciduous tree is fast growing in the sun or semi-shade .It also grows well in a swampy, low lying areas and clay soils. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Before sowing, the seed should be soaked in hot water overnight. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. The genus name Vachellia is named a after George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China. [3], In Australia, Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant in the state of Queensland under the Biosecurity Act 2014, under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Personal Communication. Young branches and leaves are eaten by elephant and the leaves and pods are eaten by giraffe and vervet monkeys. Monkeys and grey louries also eat the flowers. It is not listed as being a threatened species. (Pea, bean or legume family). It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. This plant has root nodules containing nitrogen fixing bacteria as do most members of the Mimosaceae family and these play an important role in the nitrogen enrichment of soils which then has a positive impact on the growth of plants around the fever tree. The improvement in soil structure was also associated with increased drainage, especially during wet periods. Despite its frequent use and beautiful colouration, we would advise owners of small gardens to avoid the temptation to plant it and rather consider smaller species with less aggressive root systems. Kyalangalilwa B, et al. World Agroforestry Centre. Vachellia xanthophloea (Fabaceae) Page 3 of 6. [8], Vachellia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. Culture should be similar to V. farnesiana. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. Not registered yet? ... 6 comments on “Vachellia xanthophloea” Glenice Ebedes says: 8th January 2020 at 4:33 pm Hi Cavill. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. Early pioneers thought that this tree caused a fever since people travelling or living in the areas where it grew contracted a badfever. 1985 Making the Most of Indigenous Trees. Select options. Seed and young growing plants are available at selected seed stockists and nurseries respectively. The fragrant yellow flowers open in Spring and smell like vanilla which attracts insects and insectivorous birds. These trees, like all Vachellia species, do have slightly invasive root systems. Southern Book Publishers (Pty) Ltd. Smit, N. 1999 Guide to the Acacias of South Africa. adstringens without examining the seed pods. The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea) – fever trees with their lime green bark make for a popular street tree. All Vachellias have a tap root so the automatic assumption is that their roots are therefore not invasive. On the whole this is true. The bark, root and resin of Acacia xanthophloea are produced to make incense for … It occurs rarely in extreme south Florida and has been found as a likely storm-deposited waif in a couple of areas on the west coast of FL. This is taken to induce lucid dreams, which they call "white paths". The roots and powdered bark of the stem are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. They call vachellia xanthophloea root system white paths '' pans where underground water is present or surface water collects after summer rains English! Typified by drought, floods and rising temperatures continue to affect biodiversity in the `` wild '' single stands! Colour and sweet scent of the tree can reach up to 12 m 32ft. 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